Defining Leaks with the Risk Manager

 

Previous tutorials have defined releases one at a time from the Add Items tab, adding a single case or instance before adding another. Using the Risk Manager, individual or multiple leaks can be added, copied and edited in a tabulated view. Leaks added in this way are automatically added to the project.

 

There is no limit to the number of leaks that can be added in this way. This section will go over adding eight leaks using the Risk Manager.

 

  1. Open the Risk Manager Picture 6 from the Project Menu if it is not already opened

  2. Click the plus icon (Picture 7) on the right side of the window. A new row will appear in the Risk Manager with columns representing the properties of the leak. Each property can be edited by clicking in the cell, highlighting the current value and entering a new one.

     

    Tutorial 11 - Figure 02 - Risk Manager Window with a new leak added

     

  3. By default, a newly added leak is positioned at the origin (0,0,0). Click the Pick Tool icon ( Picture 9 ) in the cell associated with the Location of HP Release 01 and the Risk Manager window will minimize, allowing you to select the new leak location in the 3D window. Zoom into the section indicated below and choose the top of one of the flanges as the leak location. Alternatively, you may enter the coordinates "( 54.92, 33.2, 16.3 )" in the corresponding location text boxes to match this tutorial.

     

    Picture 10

    Tutorial 11 - Figure 03 - Indication of where to define the leak location (part 1 of 3)

     

    Picture 11

    Tutorial 11 - Figure 04 - Indication of where to define the leak location (part 2 of 3)

     

    Picture 12

    Tutorial 11 - Figure 05 - Indication of where to define the leak location (part 3 of 3)

     

  4. Once a coordinate is selected with the pick tool the Risk Manager will re-appear. Ensure that the leak location is pointed up in the positive z-direction. This can be verified visually as in Figure 05 above but also by the values in the Rotation and Elevation cells for the leak - these should be "0" and "90" degrees, respectively. If you manually entered the coordinates, then you will need to enter the direction and elevation angles.

    1. Note - the pick tool chooses the direction and elevation values to be in the normal direction of the CAD piece selected, meaning if the CAD piece between the two flanges is selected the leak may be pointed horizontally and in the wrong direction.

  5. Now go through each of the cells in the row, entering the following information:

    1. Hole Size: 30mm

    2. Pressure: 10 bar(g)

    3. Temperature: 10 C

    4. Fluid: Methane - this tutorial will be for a pure methane gas release. However, a multi-component mixture can be selected here if already defined. See Tutorial 7 regarding creation of multi-component mixtures.

    5. Flow Rate: 1.087 kg/s - as the hole size was defined in step 6.a. this will automatically have been set.

    6. Frequency: leave blank for now, this will be addressed in Step 10 below.

    7. Inventory, Shutdown, Blowdown, BD Valve Size - leave these as the originally defined infinity values, representing a steady state simulation. Changing these values will make the leak to be a transient simulation. See Tutorial 8 for more information about transient simulations with in:Flux.

    8. Group - leave blank as no groups will be defined for this tutorial

  6. Select the HP Release 01 row to highlight it, click the copy button ( Picture 13 ) on the right side of the Risk Manager. This will duplicate the selected leak with its properties.

  7. Click the copy button ( Picture 14 ) a second time so three leaks are listed in the Risk Manager

  8. Repeat Step 4 above to use the pick tool to define the locations of the two other leaks as shown in Figure 06 below. You may also enter the coordinates and angles in part a. and b. below. Selecting the leak will make it appear in the 3D window - to recreate Figure 06, all leaks were selected in the Risk Manager using Ctrl+A. Leaks can be defined immediately impinging on piping or other equipment but for purposes of this tutorial the leak locations were positioned on the exterior of the valve pair.

    1. HP Release 02 - ( 55.22, 33.2, 16.08 ), Rotation of 90 degrees and Elevation of 0 degrees

    2. HP Release 03 - ( 53.63, 33.21, 16.1 ), Rotation of -90 degrees and Elevation of 0 degrees

       

      Picture 15

      Tutorial 11 - Figure 06 - Definition of three leaks in the Risk Manager

       

       

  9. When using the Risk Manager, a frequency can be defined to each leak independently or a cumulative frequency can be assigned to several leaks to distribute the frequency value equally between them. At the bottom of the Risk Manager window is a Property dropdown menu. Clicking the Confirm button will assign the value in the text box to the property of the selected rows. To assign a Cumulative Frequency:

    1. Select all three leaks in the Risk Manager

    2. Choose Cumulative Frequency in the Property dropdown menu

    3. Enter a value of 3.00E-03 and click Confirm. This data may be manually entered from various database sources, such as your own QRA, the OGP Risk Data, OREIDA or "The Purple Book."

  10. Select all three rows in the Risk Manager and click the copy button Picture 16 to duplicate the three defined leaks to three new ones.

  11. Repeat Step 10 and choose a location for each of the three new leaks as shown below in Figure 7 or manually enter the following coordinates and angles:

    1. HP Release 04 - ( 44.17, 29.33, 16.04 ), Rotation of -90 degrees and Elevation of 0 degrees

    2. HP Release 05 - ( 44.42, 29.33, 16.3 ), Rotation of 0 degrees and Elevation of 90 degrees

    3. HP Release 06 - ( 45.55, 29.32, 16.0 ), Rotation of 90 degrees and Elevation of 0 degrees

       

      Picture 17

      Tutorial 11 - Figure 07 - Risk Manager with 6 leaks defined, also shown in 3D window

       

  12. Frequency values do not need to be entered for HP Release 04, 05 and 06 as they were copied from HP Release 01, 02 and 03.

  13. Continue by adding four more leaks to the vertical valve on the south side of the top platform as shown in Figure 08 below. Make use of the Add Picture 18 and/or Copy Picture 19 buttons that were used earlier. Alternatively, you may manually enter the following information for the four leaks:

    1. HP Release 07 - ( 52.4, 29.59, 16.48 ), Rotation of -180 degrees and Elevation of 0 degrees

    2. HP Release 08 - ( 52.18, 29.8, 16.49 ), Rotation of -90 degrees and Elevation of 0 degrees

    3. HP Release 09 - ( 52.39, 30, 16.48 ), Rotation of 0 degrees and Elevation of 0 degrees

    4. HP Release 10 - ( 52.6, 29.81, 16.48 ), Rotation of 90 degrees and Elevation of 0 degrees

       

      Picture 20

      Tutorial 11 - Figure 08 - Risk Manager with 10 leaks defined, also shown in 3D window

       

  14. Finish editing the last of the 10 leaks by selecting HP Release 07, 08, 09 and 10 and assigning a Cumulative Frequency of 3.00E-3 for the four leaks via the Properties option at the bottom left resulting in the window as shown below.

 

Picture 21

Tutorial 11 - Figure 09 - Risk Manager with 10 leaks defined with frequencies

 

 

You should now have 10 leaks defined in the project in similar locations to Figure 10 below. Notice that as releases are added in the Risk Manager, they are also added to the Project Items tab.

 

Picture 22

Tutorial 11 - Figure 09 - Top View of the locations of the 10 leaks defined with the Risk Manager of in:Flux

 

You should now have an understanding of adding leaks with the Risk Manager and editing their properties. This process can be repeated for several hundred leaks in a facility.

 

Custom Gas Emissions may also be added to the risk manager. In constrast to the above method, these inflows must be defined via the Add Items Panel. Once defined they will appear in the Custom Emissions/Groups tab of the Leak Frequencies section of the Risk Manager.

 

Continue to the next section to define a wind rose for the example project.